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Monday, November 17, 2014

Repost: What Abe wants, Abe gets. Japan's battle on the Yen

Updated from Jan. 2013: 

Aggressive measures by the BoJ and a staunch tone by PM Abe must continue to maintain pressure on the Yen. But is the recent rally enough? Japan's Economy Minister stated on Monday [Jan. 2013] that "the Yen has come to a good level....if it falls to a three-digit level it would boost import prices, weighing on the everyday life of the nation."

The market needs progress, not just rhetoric in order to play its part. PM Shinzo Abe is building up the pressure, and he has a history of speaking out about the Japanese economy, but has done little to actually show for it. Abe was elected as the 90th PM of Japan by a special session in 2006, but only served for less than a year. Perhaps now is his time to shine as he stood on a strong platform of pressuring the BoJ to tackle deflation by means of inflation with aggressive monetary stimulus and greater cooperation with the newly elected government. The monetary-fiscal cooperation interferes with the Bank's legal independence, but talks still continue amid the threat of a constitutional change to the BoJ's independence so long as the Bank abides by Abe's recommended 2% inflation target. 

So called 'Abeconomics' has a direct market effect, causing a bounce off 2012 September lows in USD/JPY to extend to its current rally. The market's reaction is welcomed as a softer Yen helps boost Japanese exports and paves the way for inflation. But will this inflation come with growth? Abe's [2013] $117bn stimulus is projected to boost GDP by about 2% while creating 600,000 jobs. Nomura estimates that the the stimulus will help deliver real annualized GDP growth of 3.5%; and with ongoing disaster recovery from the 2011 tsunami, we could see more government-led growth. Economists worry that this is a big gamble for a sustained recovery. Nikkei Business Daily cites the growing probability of large spending in rural regions and the government's ability to prioritize projects. This is why there is so much pressure on the monetary side. 

In comes Shirakawa, the current BoJ Governor. Shirakawa announced an additional $128bn as part of the Bank's monetary easing programs in the fall [2012]. Japan's total spent on asset-buying programs has now past the $1tn mark, which is quite excessive. Meanwhile, the Japanese economy is stuck in its fourth recession since 2000. Much of this downfall is due to a strong Yen which halts export growth. A sluggish global economy,  and the struggle to recoup from the 2011 tsunami disaster is added pressure on Japan. Nevertheless, the Japanese economy has continued its  constant debt buildup and fiscal woes for about 20 years now. At some point, this cannot be sustained. 

The market implications are clear. Further Yen weakness could continue so long as the BoJ abides by Abe's commands. The market needs to see progress on Abe's strategy in order for the Yen to weaken by theory. The USD/JPY shorts could pave the way for the April appointment of the next BoJ Gov, creating another profit opportunity in the pair. So far, Abe is meeting this week with monetary policy experts to begin the discussion on who will be the next BoJ Gov. Abe stated that he is looking for a "bold leader...someone who shares our views." [in comes Kuroda, current BoJ Gov.]


BoJ policy impulse is a market positive, but Japan's economy continues to struggle. News that Japan entered a technical recession stalled the upside in USDJPY, causing bearish engulfing patterns seen in the above intra-day chart. Momentum is turning south, as seen in the bearish MACD cross on the second panel. 


Sunday, June 1, 2014

Latin America and the Caribbean needs to diversify its export pattern



China will become an important source of growth for the LatAm region over the next decade. A diversified export pattern will help LatAm countries form a genuine strategic partnership with the world's fastest growing economy, according to a recent initiative by the Economic Commission for Latin America. Domestic policy should support industrial growth and commerce that will expand employment opportunities and contribute a wider mix of exports to the global economy.

Smaller Caribbean and African nations are often squeezed out of world trade through unfair competition and suppressed by three negative forces: debt, corruption, and aid. China provides an outlet for trade and economic growth. Despite a slowdown in China, its global resource grab has been resilient. LatAm countries should attract higher levels of Chinese investment as slower end-market demand weighs on raw commodity prices. This will provide a strategic opportunity to expand domestic growth while inefficiencies in China could influence a global quest for yield. The ECLAC initiative is an important first step.

Sunday, January 5, 2014

Investors take an opportunistic approach as economy improves

The US economy is expected to strengthen this year, with consensus around 2.6 percent growth. Global business confidence continues to improve with manufacturing in the lead.  With both consumers and businesses more optimistic heading into the new year, the combined strength in shipments could lead to a rise in equipment investment which bodes well for a rebound in global business activity. Consumption growth also rose in November, with core retail sales reflecting better than expected holiday spending despite some concerns about budget priorities in the lower-income group. The general backdrop suggests that investors could continue to seek higher returns in riskier assets that are more economically sensitive as the focus returns to fundamentals.

Allocation still favors equities
Fund managers are increasing weightings in developed market equities: Europe, Japan, and the US being the most favorable markets. There is still the chance for a pull-back in equities this year. The S&P 500 started 2014 in the red, and Asian shares followed lower as the Nikkei moved below 16,000. This could reflect some positioning amid lower volume, but some analysts suggest that this could be another buying opportunity.


For now, there is still room to extend margin debt as traditional bond outflows continue. Historically, investors have been extraordinarily leveraged during market rallies such as the tech bubble in 2000. Times are different now as fundamentals improve and central banks continue to support a stimulative environment. The case is stronger in Europe where valuations are still relatively cheap and in Japan where more easing from the BoJ coupled with large pension funds shifting allocation to equities could prove attractive from a global perspective.

Economic slack remains
Despite the optimistic outlook for 2014, there are still some concerns in the real economy. The lower income group tends to be hit the hardest during budget issues which leads to political dithering. Wage growth has improved, but labor productivity has risen by only 0.3 percent on year, but the rise to 3 percent during the third quarter of 2013 was impressive given the solid GDP report and non-farm payrolls during the same period. Andrew Smithers of Smithers & Co states that bad news on productivity could lead to signs of realism that will continue to make the case for a low rate environment. If the market outlook is premature, higher inflationary expectations without the true fundamental backdrop could be a problem.


An opportunistic approach
After a period of lower interest rates and soft demand for loans, US large cap banks could benefit from an improving economy especially as the yield curve steepens. Profit margins expand as banks borrow at lower short-term rates and lend at higher long-term interest rates. The rebound in housing and auto demand suggests that consumers are more comfortable with taking out loans as the economy improves.

Industrial strength is leading demand for non-residential construction where wages are higher and supply is limited. This will be an important year which will test the true strength of the economy. We are still in a stimulative environment, and even as the Fed reduces its pace of asset purchases, rates could find some comfort around 3.5 percent on the 10-year this year. Financing conditions are still favorable for many sectors which could support expansion. For example, US airlines are posting stronger gains as nominal GDP is upwardly biased, but we will need to see capacity expand as demand picks up to confirm further strength into the next year.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Challenges for Australia as China reforms point to slower growth

Despite recent signs of modest economic improvement, Australia is likely to remain on a tightrope for quite some time as the country’s mining boom slows down. Recent economic data from China shows strong improvement, but that could change as leaders are set to implement significant reform measures that could slow growth in the near-term. The market is well aware of the challenges ahead for Australia, and several important risk factors suggest that the Australian dollar is likely to remain subdued, especially as it struggles to sustain a rebound off summer lows.
China’s Third Plenum matters
A four-day, closed door meeting between China’s leaders to discuss the economic and political agenda for the next decade just concluded and expectations are high for significant reform. China must pave the way towards a market economy that will redirect credit away from inefficient state-owned-enterprises (SOEs) to much more efficient private enterprises. The new agenda should loosen the state’s control over capital allocation, which starts with reducing the limits on wealth transfers.

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Asia Focus: AUDUSD up on Australian CPI but pares gains in Asia

Australia's housing sector helped boost Q3 figures. Photo: Shutterstock
Australia’s third-quarter CPI report was impressive despite remaining subdued on the headline print at 2.2 percent on year from 2.4 percent in Q2, which is still at the lower range of the Reserve Bank of Australia’s target of two to three percent for annual inflation.
The market was expecting slower CPI in Q3, but the trimmed mean figure beat consensus at 2.3 percent on year. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) places more weight on trimmed mean CPI, so the recent rise could sustain the RBA’s more favourable tone on the economy.
Furthermore, the Q3 Aussie CPI report showed a greater contribution from the housing group, which suggests that recent data are starting to reflect the low rate environment. The RBA is now watching the higher AUD. 
Also, top China banks tripled debt-write offs as investors fear default. The seven day repo rate rose 42 basis points in Asia which; lingering fears on banking -- China's weak-spot, was behind the sudden AUDJPY drop during the Asia session. Key China PMI data ahead on Thursday to watch for as well. 
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